Drones for every industry are different, each drone type will have different capabilities for its needs although some may be the same across industries. For the Agriculture industry, there are a few different types of drones but the main increases in efficiency and cutting costs come from the data that the drones capture. One of the applications in the agriculture industry is to use data gathered from drones to determine what crop rotation cycle is the best (these types of drones can be seen on the right). From there on you can use the rotation cycle suggested by the drone data to increase output from the same area of farmland. This in turn increases revenue. Today farmers spray pesticides on their crops to make sure they don’t have diseases. With data supplied by drones, farmers will be able to find out exactly where the disease is and how much area around it should be sprayed with pesticide to stop the spread. This means that not all the crops would have to be sprayed with pesticides. This would massively decrease the operating costs by decreasing the amount of pesticides that needs to be bought.
Precision agriculture requires more than just basic RGB information. For example, video images flying over a field would not be able to accurately distinguish real plants from fake ones. Looking at the spectral content in the pixels, hyperspectral solutions can detect chlorophyll or very small color-changes on foliage. Color information can be useful to distinguish brown from green, but more bands are required for finer details.
This drone data will also allow farmers to calculate hydration and growth rates across the farm. If these three applications are put into use across the Agricultural industry, they would massively decrease operating costs and increase output. This would mean that smaller farms can compete with bigger ones because of their increases in efficiency, output and decreased operating costs. By allowing smaller farms to be equally competitive, the agriculture industry as a whole would be able to progress towards being a more competitive market, lowering prices of crops for consumers and disbanding monopolies on certain kinds of crops